日本語の秘密 13/33


日本語の秘密/ The Key to NIHON-GO

by 岸本建夫 [Kishimoto Tatsuo] 1999
OCR/Corr by most.cyak@gmail.com, Oct 2014


Section 3 Verb Conjugations Conform to a Simple Set of Rules

→ The Conjugation of -masu: the Easiest Form

  The dictionary form of the verb is not usually used “as-is” in ordinary conversation. You wouldn’t really say, watasi wa iku. It’s more common to say, watasi wa ikimasu. This is the -masu form.

  Luckily, the -masu form is the simplest to use, because it has a high degree of regularity and it has no exceptions.

  1) Kaku Type Verbs

  What should you do to transform kaku into the -masu form? You take the ku from the end of the word and change it to the ki, from the same ka line, and then add masu.

  As with kaku, most verbs are of the type where you take the ending character and change it to a character of the same line under the “i” column, and then add masu. Let’s look at some examples from other lines.

  2) Miru Type Verbs

  With miru, the last character is ru. Most of the verbs in this category have characters preceding the final character from either the “i” column or the “e” column. With these verbs, the final ru is changed to masu.

  Take a look at some other examples shown below.

  ※ The Kuru and Suru Exceptions

  These two verbs also follow a regular pattern, as you can see below.

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